The Ultimate Turf Guide

An in-depth guide of everything turf

Turf is referred to by many different names; lawn, grass, sward, or the green leafy land coverage. No matter the naming, choosing the perfect turf for your home or business can dramatically change its overall appearance and increase your property value up to 20%. 

In this guide, we aim to provide you with enough information to help educate you on which turf will be best for your home or business. If you have questions or need additional information feel free to talk to our turf experts on 07 5448 6398.

Turf and its environment

Turf reacts differently depending on the type of environment that it is in and the tolerances of the turf itself. When choosing a turf that will best suit your home or business several determining factors need to be considered. These can include:

Turf in the shade

Shade

Different types of turf are more tolerant to a lack of sunlight such as Sir Walter and Sir Grange. However, it is important to note that an area that receives no sunlight at all will be incredibly difficult to keep turf alive due to the lack of photosynthesis.

Frost

During the winter months if frost is a regular occurrence on your turf the growing process is slowed and in severe cases can stop growing altogether. This isn’t a time to cheer though as prolonged exposure to frost can damage your turf and cause discolouration.


Investing in a frost-resistant turf like Sir Walter can help to combat the colder months. This is in part due to its wide leaf allowing it to soak up more sunlight than thinner blade turf varieties.

Turf with frost
Watering Turf

Available Water

Turf needs water to survive. Newly laid turf will require watering a couple of times a day for the first couple of weeks until the turf roots into the soil.

Drought-resistant turfs such as Sir Walter, TifTuf, or Nullarbor Couch can survive longer in rainless areas, however, will still require watering now and again to stay healthy.

Maintenance

Turf varieties such as Sir Grange and Sir Walter are low-maintenance. Each is low maintenance in its own way depending on your needs.

Sir Walter: This is a tight-growing turf that helps to hold out most weeds. It also repairs itself quickly if damaged resulting in fewer bare patches. 

Sir Grange: Has a very slow growth pattern resulting in significantly less mowing than other turf varieties.

Turf with lawn mower
Footprints in turf

Wear

High traffic on turf, crushes the air pockets in the soil limiting the amount of oxygen, nutrients, and water that can soak and move through the soil. Getting a high wear tolerant soil such as Sir Grange, Sir Walter, Tiftuf, and Nullarbor Couch can help to combat this in different ways.

All are self-repairing and can return back to normal faster than other turf varieties.

Tiftuf and Nullarbor Couch both have a high-density growth habit allowing them to be able to handle high wear areas easier.


Common Turf Varieties in Australia

Different turf varieties require varying elements to survive and thrive properly. Some require more resources than others to stay lush and healthy where others are more tolerable. Soil types, wear levels, shade levels, and maintenance requirements are just some of the things to keep in mind when looking at which turf you should purchase.

Below is a list of some of the more common turf varieties available for your project.

Buffalo

Buffalo turf is one of the most popular laid turfs in Australia. Previously this turf used to be scratchy and could irritate the skin however, these days since the introduction of soft leaf buffalo turf such as Sir Walter the turf is now soft to touch, hard wearing, looks great and is perfect for most areas.

Buffalo Turf

Buffalo Appearance

Buffalo turf is easily distinguishable due to its broad rounded leaf. The leaf size itself is anything 7mm wide and upwards. Buffalo turf has an even growth pattern with good ground coverage.

Benefits of Buffalo Turf

  • High Shade Tolerance
  • Low Maintenance
  • High Wear Tolerance
  • Warm-season Turf

Zoysia

Zoysia turf is very resilient and suited to the warmer regions of Australia. Zoysia turf such as Sir Grange and Empire have low invasive properties and look good all year round. Zoysia has rhizomes both above and below ground allowing it to recover faster. It also requires lower watering and is drought tolerant.

Zoysia Turf

Zoysia Appearance

Zoysia turf has a fine to medium leaf size and has dense growth both in its stolons and rhizomes. Depending on the type of Zoysia turf purchased the leaf size can be less than 4mm and up to 7mm.

Benefits of Zoysia Turf

  • Very High Drought Tolerance
  • Very Low Maintenance
  • High Wear Tolerance
  • Warm-season Turf

Couch

Couch turf has always been a popular choice due to its affordable price and durability. Couch turf such as Nullarbor Couch grows very quickly and is a hard-wearing turf, which is great for high-traffic areas. Its ability to repair itself as well as being soft to the touch makes this turf a good all-rounder.

Couch Turf

Couch Appearance

Couch turf has a fine pointy tipped leaf. Typically less than 4mm wide. Couch also has a very evasive growth habit and can spread if not maintained.

Benefits of Couch Turf

  • High Drought Tolerance
  • Very High Wear Tolerance
  • Dense Ground Coverage
  • Warm-season Turf

Bermuda

Bermuda turf is a high-density self-repairing turf making it an excellent choice for sports fields, community parks, and other areas with high traffic. Bermuda turf such as Tiftuf has the perfect blend of fine leaf, durability, and good ground coverage.

Bermuda Appearance

Bermuda turf has a fine leaf typically less than 4mm wide. It has a dense growth habit and rich natural colour even under drought stress.

Benefits of Bermuda Turf

  • High Wear Tolerance
  • Dense Ground Covering
  • Self Repairing
  • Higher Shade tolerance compared to other Couch varieties

Turf Brand Specifications

Sir Walter


Variety: Soft Leaf Buffalo

Growth: Prostrate - Stoloniferous, Minimal rhizome growth. 

Leaf: Broad / Average Width 7.6mm / Average length 36.1m / Deep Green Colour

Mowing Height: 20mm - 50mm.


Uses: Perfect for domestic applications and areas of high shade. Variety is low maintenance and is a good self-repairer. Non-invasive and doesn’t produce a strong rhizome.

Tolerance and Resistance Ratings

Shade Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★

Wear Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★

Low Maintenance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Drought Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★

Heat Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★

Weed Resistance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Pest Resistance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Low Fertilisation: ★ ★ ★ ★ ☆

Sir Grange


Variety: Zoysia

Growth: Perennial stoloniferous growth habit that also produces rhizomes. Dense, finely textured turf.

Leaf: Fine / Average width 4mm / Average Length 60mm / Mid Dark Green Colour

Mowing Height: 10mm - unmown

Uses: Perfect for domestic, commercial and low wear sports applications and areas of medium shade. Variety is low maintenance and requires minimal nutrient and irrigation application once established. Suitable for most applications and can be left unmown for 12 months reaching a maximum leaf height of 60-80mm.

Tolerance and Resistance Ratings

Shade Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆

Wear Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★

Low Maintenance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Drought Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆

Heat Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Weed Resistance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Pest Resistance: ★ ★ ★ ★

Low Fertilisation: ★ ★ ★ ★ ☆

Nullarbor Couch


Variety: Couch

Growth: Perennial stoloniferous growth habit that also produces rhizomes. Dense, finely textured turf.

Leaf: Fine / Average width 2.5mm / Average length 30mm / Mid Green Colour

Mowing Height: 8mm - 36mm

Uses: Suitable for domestic and commercial applications in areas of full sun. Drought tolerant and quick to repair from wear.

Tolerance and Resistance Ratings

Shade Tolerance: ★ ★ ☆ ☆ ☆

Wear Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Low Maintenance: ☆ ☆ ☆ ☆

Drought Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★

Heat Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆

Weed Resistance: ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆

Pest Resistance: ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆

Low Fertilisation: ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆

Tiftuf


Variety: Hybrid Bermuda

Growth: Perennial stoloniferous growth habit that also produces rhizomes. Dense finely textured turf.

Leaf: Fine / Average width 2.5mm / Average length 30mm / Mid Dark Green Colour

Mowing Height: 8mm - 36mm

Uses: Perfect for domestic, commercial high wear sports applications and areas of moderate shade. Variety is low maintenance and requires minimal nutrient and irrigation application once established. Very drought tolerant and quick to repair from wear.

Tolerance and Resistance Ratings

Shade Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ☆ ☆

Wear Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Low Maintenance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Drought Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Heat Tolerance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Weed Resistance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Pest Resistance: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★

Low Fertilisation: ★ ★ ★ ★ ★


Turf Warranty

When purchasing any turf you want to ensure that it comes with a warranty. Ensure that the supplier is a licensed Lawn Solutions Australia member and that the turf has been certified by AusGAP. Your turf should be accompanied by a 10-year Product Warranty Certificate and Certificate of Authenticity.

Rosemount Turf

Rosemount Turf is a member of the Lawn Solutions Australia network of turf specialists. We supply our turf from Gympie to Northern Brisbane. You can be rest assured each of our turf varieties come with a 10-year Product Warranty Certificate and Certificate of Authenticity.

Rosemount 10 Yr Warranty

For more information on our turf varieties or which turf would best suit your project feel free to get in touch with our team on 07 5448 6398 and we’ll be more than happy to organise an inspection and quote for your project.

Resources:

Lawn Solutions Australia
Lawn Solutions Australia

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An important note to all our Rosemount Turf customers and followers:

We understand that COVID-19 (Coronavirus) is having a significant impact on all Australians and that it is a difficult and unprecedented time at the moment. We wanted to assure you that health and safety are the top priorities for Rosemount Turf management and staff. There are certain measures that we have put in place to ensure that our customers and employees are safe. We are being vigilant with our office and ensuring all surfaces are sterilised and cleaned regularly.

We would like to remind you that orders can be made online or over the phone and paid for via credit card, so no cash handling is needed. We can arrange delivery and the placement of your turf over the phone with our administration staff when you purchase. You don't need to be home when it is delivered.

If you have any further questions regarding any of our safety policies that we have in place during this time, or would like to discuss some new turf, give us a call on (07) 5448 6398.

Rosemount turf along with Lawn Solutions Australia is reaffirming our commitment to consumers with our ability to produce and deliver high quality turf products to consumers. No contact is required during the ordering or delivering process.

info@rosemountturf.com.au07 5448 6398
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